Personal, Social & Health Education
Imagine a school where every child is provided with a curriculum that supports and helps to develop their social and emotional security that encourages an understanding of the values and responsibilities of belonging to a community and has an implicit belief in the ability of every child to succeed. The Government vision ‘Every Child Matters: Change For Children’ (2004) highlighted the importance of providing a curriculum which allows all children to develop the skills and attitudes which help to promote well-being in childhood and later life. At Kyson, we believe that Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) and Citizenship help to foster the knowledge, skills and understanding that our children need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active and responsible citizens. By focusing on S.E.A.L. (Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning) we aim to develop within our pupils and qualities and skills that help to promote positive behaviour and effective learning.
Through work in lesson time and a wide range of activities across and beyond the curriculum, pupils gain practical knowledge and skills to help them live healthily and deal with the emotional, moral, social and cultural issues they face as they grow up. PSHE and Citizenship gives pupils opportunities to reflect on their experiences and how they are developing. It helps them to show respect for the diversity of, and differences between, people, enabling them to form the effective, fulfilling relationships that are an essential part of life and learning.
The ethos of the school is, to a large extent, dependent upon the way that pupils’ personal and social development is promoted through its PSHE and S.E.A.L. curriculum and from the network of positive relationships modelled by staff, governors, children and parents. These embody the values held by the Kyson school community and provide the atmosphere for life in and beyond the school itself.
PSHE and Citizenship should never be seen in isolation as elements of both are woven through all areas of the curriculum, pastoral care and the life of both the school and local and global communities.
Kyson will follow the five themes of PSHE and Citizenship:
- Sustainable development
- World of work
These key themes are supported by an understanding of the five outcomes contributing to individual well-being promoted by ‘Every Child Matters’ and awareness of the social and emotional aspects of learning promoted by S.E.A.L.
Every Child Matters S.E.A.L.
Be Healthy Self-awareness
Stay safe Managing feelings
Enjoy and Achieve Motivation
Make a positive contribution Empathy
Achieve economic well-being Social skills
We believe it is important to remember that the PSHE and Citizenship curriculum content is a focus for developing the skills, attitudes and values of individuals.
The school acknowledges that all pupils have a basic entitlement to a personal and social development programme taught through their school life.
Firstly, it should help pupils to understand their own development and that of others. Areas of development include:
Secondly, it should provide suitable, varied and safe opportunities to rehearse the skills, attitudes and behaviours, which will form the foundation for positive and effective personal and social development.
To develop healthy and active young people who have the confidence to:
- Stay as healthy as possible
- Keep themselves and others safe
- Have worthwhile and fulfilling relationships
- Respect the differences between people
- Develop independence and responsibility
- Play an active role as members of a democratic society
- Understand British values – individual liberty, the rule of law and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs
- Make the most of their own and others abilities
It will help children to:
- Value their achievements
- Deal with risk and meet the challenges of life now and in the future
- Identify values and strive to live up to them.
Kyson aims to fulfil curriculum requirements through helpful resourcing and training as appropriate to our needs and in accordance with national guidance.
The co-ordinator continues to build a resource bank of material able to support all Key Stages, itemised on the PSHE resources list. Visitors are positively welcomed as an exciting resource and details of useful websites are available.
The PSHE co-ordinator is responsible for staff development. The co-ordinator’s role includes managing, leading and teaching staff to develop positive attitudes towards PSHE and Citizenship and to make them aware of new initiatives. Each Year group – with support from PSHE subject leader if required – plan their own PSHE on a Medium-Term Plan using the S.E.A.L. resources and SCC suggested curriculum framework.
PSHE is taught in mixed gender class based groupings. Reception, Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 pupils receive between 30 and 45 minutes of timetabled PSHE per week. In all year groups classroom issues relating to P.S.H.E. are discussed on an on-going basis as matters arise. As well as specific lessons, P.S.H.E. and Citizenship are taught in a cross curricular way.
Teaching and learning styles/methods
A range of teaching strategies and styles are used to provide the breadth of effective learning opportunities. These include emphasis on active learning, enquiry, discussion and participation in citizenship activities. Pupils develop their knowledge, skills and understanding by working together on school and community projects, making decisions, taking responsibility and reflecting on their experiences. Children are encouraged to choose the most appropriate learning style to facilitate their most effective learning. Organisation and management in the classroom should allow the teacher the opportunity to establish working arrangements and rules for discussion and ways of resolving conflict, particularly when potentially sensitive issues are addressed. All staff will be trained in dealing with sensitive issues in line with their related school policies.
The school recognises that all pupils are entitled to PSHE and Citizenship as it forms a core part of the curriculum. Pupils are encouraged to take part in wide range of activities and experiences across and beyond the curriculum, contributing fully to the life of their school and communities.
The school sets suitable learning, personal and social challenges, responds to pupils’ diverse learning needs and attempts to overcome potential barriers to learning and assessment. Children have access to specialised groups e.g. Rainbow Club, Brain Gym, an Anger management group, a Gifted and Talented Group and catty Chums.
All pupils will have equal access to the PSHE curriculum. Teachers at Kyson plan for the individual needs of pupils including those with special needs.
Assessment, recording and reporting
PSHE and Citizenship follow the agreed school policy on assessment, recording and reporting matters.
It is important that PSHE and Citizenship work is assessed alongside other curriculum areas. A range of assessment strategies are used:
- On-going formative assessment
- Summative assessment linked to objectives
- The Boxall Profile – an assessment tool used with the Rainbow Group
PSHE and Citizenship needs to be consistent throughout so that information can be used to inform planning as children move from year group to year group. This is also important at transition points between school if unnecessary gaps and repetition are to be avoided.
Progress in PSHE is reported to parents in a written form annually on the pupils’ reports. In addition, behaviour and attitudes to learning are reported to parents as an A-D grade each term.
PSHE and the wider school context
PSHE and Citizenship play a central part in the cycle of whole school curriculum planning and development. A successful PSHE and Citizenship curriculum cannot be confined to one specific timetable slot. Taught lessons, cross curricular themes, assemblies, clubs and participation in whole school initiatives all add to the richness of opportunities we aim to provide.
Children are involved in the School Council, Eco Team, Working School Days, Learning Buddies, Reading buddies and supporting others at playtimes via the friendship benches and as play leaders.
The year 6 children enjoy many fulfilling responsibilities within the school, including running a variety of clubs for the younger children. The opinions of children and parents are frequently gathered and used to inform decision making for new school initiatives.
Working with parents and families
Kyson believes in the Holistic approach and works closely with parents and families. Parents receive learning posters each term detailing their children’s learning experiences across the curriculum, including PSHE. Staff feedback regularly to parents. The opinions of parents are sought on a wide range of school issues. Socially, families can enjoy an annual Summer Fayre and a variety of other activities during the year ranging from an Open Afternoon to outdoor performances.
PSHE and the community
- The school encourages links with the wider community and supports the use of outside speakers, agencies and visits where appropriate. These might include police, school nurse, charities, local employers and businesses.
- Guidelines determine the nature of visitors/visits together with guidance for preparation, follow-up and dealing with sensitive issues. Use of local businesses and agencies is monitored at Pyramid meetings to ensure that use of individual agencies is not excessive.
- Guidelines for handling requests for visits from charitable organisations or for fund-raising are monitored through the School Development Plan.
- Support from parents, governors and others in the community who might legitimately contribute to the development of PSHE and Citizenship will be fostered and encouraged through regular consultation and focused events.
- The school raises pupils’ awareness of the world of work through links with local business, which may take the form of visits, visitors and extra-curricular activities.
- There local Community Support Officers support the school in delivering aspects of the PSHE curriculum through the Police Education Partnership.
Monitoring, evaluation and planning
The PSHE co-ordinator monitors the implementation of the policy and its effectiveness through the medium-term planning, discussion with colleagues, observation of lessons and sampling pupils’ work.